Gynecology is the study of the physiology and pathology of the female genitalia, their psychiatric aspects, and the reproductive system. This branch of medicine is closely tied to obstetrics, the field focusing on pregnancy and childbirth. Gynecologic laparoscopy plays a vital role in gynecology, and 90% of the gynecologic surgeries employ laparoscopy. The main purpose of laparoscopy is to minimize invasiveness while maximizing the effectiveness of surgical treatment. Using small incisions (0.5 mm), laparoscopy allows for penetrating the abdomen with the aid of a camera for diagnostics, or of other tools in case of a surgery. The method of laparoscopy can be used for hysterectomy, uterine-preserving manipulations, also various surgeries on multiple myeloma, benign ovarian tumors, and others.

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